This guide provides an introduction to running Julia code on the Open Science Grid. The Quickstart Instructions provide an outline of job submission. The following sections provide more details about installing Julia packages (Install Julia Packages) and creating a complete job submission (Submit Julia Jobs). This guide assumes that you have a script written in Julia and can identify the additional Julia packages needed to run the script.
If you are using many Julia packages or have other software dependencies as part of your job, you may want to manage your software via a container instead of using the tar.gz file method described in this guide. The OSG Connect team maintains a Julia container that can be used as a starting point for creating a customized container with added packages. See our Docker and Singularity Guide for more details.
Download the precompiled Julia software from https://julialang.org/downloads/. You will need the 64-bit, tarball compiled for general use on a Linux x86 system. The file name will resemble something like
- Tip: use
wgetto download directly to your
/homedirectory on the login node, OR use
transfer_input_files = urlin your HTCondor submit files.
- Tip: use
Install your Julia packages on the login node, else skip to the next step.
- For more details, see the section on installing Julia packages below: Installing Julia Packages
Submit a job that executes a Julia script using the Julia precompiled binary with base Julia and Standard Library, via a shell script like the following as the job's executable:
#!/bin/bash # extract Julia tar.gz file tar -xzf julia-#.#.#-linux-x86_64.tar.gz # add Julia binary to PATH export PATH=$_CONDOR_SCRATCH_DIR/julia-#-#-#/bin:$PATH # run Julia script julia my-script.jl
- For more details on the job submission, see the section below: Submit Julia Jobs
Install Julia Packages
If your work requires additional Julia packages, you will need to peform a one-time installation of these packages within a Julia project. A copy of the project can then be saved for use in subsequent job submissions. For more details, please see Julia's documentation at Julia Pkg.jl.
Download Julia and set up a "project"
If you have not already downloaded a copy of Julia, download the
precompiled Julia software from https://julialang.org/downloads/.
You will need the 64-bit, tarball compiled for general use on a Linux x86 system. The
file name will resemble something like
We will need a copy of the original tar.gz file for running jobs, but to install
packages, we also need an unpacked version of the software. Run the following commands
to extract the Julia software and add Julia to your
$ tar -xzf julia-#.#.#-linux-x86_64.tar.gz $ export PATH=$PWD/julia-#.#.#/bin:$PATH
After these steps, you should be able to run Julia from the command line, e.g.
$ julia --version
Now create a project directory to install your packages (we've called
my-project/ below) and tell Julia its name:
$ mkdir my-project $ export JULIA_DEPOT_PATH=$PWD/my-project
If you already have a directory with Julia packages on the login node, you can add to it by skipping the
mkdirstep above and going straight to setting the
You can choose whatever name to use for this directory -- if you have different projects that you use for different jobs, you could use a more descriptive name than "my-project".
We will now use Julia to install any needed packages to the project directory we created in the previous step.
Open Julia with the
--project option set to the project directory:
$ julia --project=my-project
Once you've started up the Julia REPL (interpreter), start the Pkg REPL, used to
install packages, by typing
]. Then install and test packages by using
add Package syntax.
_ _ _ _(_)_ | Documentation: https://docs.julialang.org (_) | (_) (_) | _ _ _| |_ __ _ | Type "?" for help, "]?" for Pkg help. | | | | | | |/ _` | | | | |_| | | | (_| | | Version 1.0.5 (2019-09-09) _/ |\__'_|_|_|\__'_| | Official https://julialang.org/ release |__/ | julia> ] (my-project) pkg> add Package (my-project) pkg> test Package
If you have multiple packages to install they can be combined
into a single command, e.g.
(my-project) pkg> add Package1 Package2 Package3.
If you encounter issues getting packages to install successfully, please contact us at email@example.com
Once you are done, you can exit the Pkg REPL by typing the
DELETE key and then
(my-project) pkg> julia> exit()
Your packages will have been installed to the
my_project directory; we want
to compress this folder so that it is easier to copy to jobs.
$ tar -czf my-project.tar.gz my-project/
Submit Julia Jobs
To submit a job that runs a Julia script, create a bash
script and HTCondor submit file following the examples in this section. These
example assume that you have downloaded a copy of Julia for Linux as a
file and if using packages, you have gone through the steps above to install them
and create an additional
tar.gz file of the installed packages.
Create Executable Bash Script
Your job will use a bash script as the HTCondor
executable. This script
will contain all the steps needed to unpack the Julia binaries and
execute your Julia script (
script.jl below). What follows are two example bash scripts,
one which can be used to execute a script with base Julia only, and one that
will use packages you installed to a project directory (see Install Julia Packages).
Example Bash Script For Base Julia Only
If your Julia script can run without additional packages (other than base Julia and the Julia Standard library) use the example script directly below.
#!/bin/bash # julia-job.sh # extract Julia tar.gz file tar -xzf julia-#.#.#-linux-x86_64.tar.gz # add Julia binary to PATH export PATH=$_CONDOR_SCRATCH_DIR/julia-#.#.#/bin:$PATH # run Julia script julia script.jl
Example Bash Script For Julia With Installed Packages
#!/bin/bash # julia-job.sh # extract Julia tar.gz file and project tar.gz file tar -xzf julia-#.#.#-linux-x86_64.tar.gz tar -xzf my-project.tar.gz # add Julia binary to PATH export PATH=$_CONDOR_SCRATCH_DIR/julia-#.#.#/bin:$PATH # add Julia packages to DEPOT variable export JULIA_DEPOT_PATH=$_CONDOR_SCRATCH_DIR/my-project # run Julia script julia --project=my-project script.jl
Create HTCondor Submit File
After creating a bash script to run Julia, then create a submit file to submit the job.
More details about setting up a submit file, including a submit file template, can be found in our quickstart guide: Quickstart Tutorial
# julia-job.sub executable = julia-job.sh transfer_input_files = julia-#.#.#-linux-x86_64.tar.gz, script.jl should_transfer_files = Yes when_to_transfer_output = ON_EXIT output = job.$(Cluster).$(Process).out error = job.$(Cluster).$(Process).error log = job.$(Cluster).$(Process).log requirements = (OSGVO_OS_STRING == "RHEL 7") request_cpus = 1 request_memory = 2GB request_disk = 2GB queue 1
If your Julia script needs to use packages installed for a project,
be sure to include
my-project.tar.gz as an input file in
For project tarballs that are <100MB, you can follow the below example:
transfer_input_files = julia-#.#.#-linux-x86_64.tar.gz, script.jl, my-project.tar.gz
Modify the CPU/memory request lines to match what is needed by the job. Test a few jobs for disk space/memory usage in order to make sure your requests for a large batch are accurate! Disk space and memory usage can be found in the log file after the job completes.
This page was updated on Jan 25, 2022 at 14:36 from examples/julia-on-osg.md.